Response to Intervention
An early identification and intervention approach to literacy in grades K-2
- What is RtI?
- RtI is a collaborative process of instruction, assessment, and intervention. It is designed for the early identification of students who are struggling in reading. RtI revolves around providing targeted instructional interventions with regular progress monitoring. The goal of RtI is to increase the likelihood of successfully mastering reading skills within the regular classroom.
- What are the essential components of RtI?
- High quality instruction and intervention:
- assessment data shapes curriculum and classroom decisions, as well as individual student interventions.
- Learning rate and level of performance:
- progress monitoring provides both skill growth over time and relative standing on a dimension of reading achievement.
- Informed education decisions:
- Problem solving model used to develop appropriate interventions.
- How does RtI work?
- RtI depends upon a collaborative team consisting of the building principal, classroom teacher, speech and language pathologist, reading specialist, school psychologist, and resource room teacher and trained paraeducators. The team collects data on students from the universal screening conducted three times a year for all K-2 students and analyzes the data to determine if there are any students showing a need for more support in the area of reading. The team then makes commendations for how students will be grouped, what interventions will be provided, how students will be monitored for progress, and what staff member will be appointed to work with each student.
- The RtI framework includes:
- A three-tier system of intervention
- A problem-solving method
- An integrated data collection/assessment system to inform educational decisions
RtI in Action:
All students in grades K-2 are screened three times a year to monitor progress throughout the curriculum. Some students may show that they need additional assistance mastering the skills at their grade level. These students are then placed in intervention groups based on their skill needs. Specific district reading assessments and The Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS) are used as assessment tools.
Individual progress monitoring is done for each student in Tier II or Tier III. Interventions are modified/adjusted, or new interventions are implemented based on how students are performing.
Collaborative teams meet on a regular basis to evaluate what is being taught in the regular classroom and how skills are being taught. The team also looks at assessment data and intervention effectiveness for those students in Tier II and Tier III. Tier movement is happening all of the time. Students are able to move throughout the tiers during the entire school year depending on their current academic needs.
- Classroom teacher
- School psychologist
- Speech and language pathologist
- Resource room teacher